Advanced Swift: SwiftUI Basics
2 mins read

Advanced Swift: SwiftUI Basics

SwiftUI is a new framework introduced by Apple that allows developers to build user interfaces in a declarative way using Swift. With SwiftUI, you can easily create complex layouts with less code, and the framework automatically handles platform-specific features and animations. In this article, we’ll cover the basics of SwiftUI and show you how to get started with building your first SwiftUI app.

Creating a New SwiftUI Project

To get started with SwiftUI, you’ll need Xcode 11 or later. When creating a new project, make sure to select the ‘Use SwiftUI’ checkbox in the project options.

import SwiftUI

struct MyApp: App {
    var body: some Scene {
        WindowGroup {

Understanding the View Protocol

In SwiftUI, everything is a view. A view is a piece of UI that can be displayed on the screen. To create a custom view, you’ll need to conform to the View protocol and implement the required body property.

struct ContentView: View {
    var body: some View {
        Text("Hello, World!")

Building UI with Stacks

SwiftUI provides three kinds of stacks: VStack, HStack, and ZStack. VStack arranges views vertically, HStack arranges them horizontally, and ZStack layers views on top of each other.

VStack {

Adding Modifiers

Modifiers allow you to customize the appearance and behavior of views. You can add modifiers by chaining them to a view.

Text("Hello, World!")

Using State and Binding

State is a property wrapper that allows you to create mutable state within a view. Binding is used to pass state between views.

@State private var isOn = false

Toggle(isOn: $isOn) {
    Text("Toggle Switch")

Previewing Your UI

Xcode provides a powerful preview feature that enables you to see your UI changes in real-time as you code. To preview your SwiftUI view, click on the Resume button in the canvas.

struct ContentView_Previews: PreviewProvider {
    static var previews: some View {

That’s it for the basics of SwiftUI. With these concepts, you can start building your own SwiftUI apps with ease. The declarative syntax makes it easy to understand how your UI is structured, and the built-in support for state management and navigation simplifies the development process. Happy coding!

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